Advil is one of the name-brand versions of ibuprofen. You can know that it gives relief from minor aches, pains and fever. However, the question everybody asks is what are the bad side effects of ibuprofen.
Know what these effects are and when they are most likely to occur so that you can use this medicine safely.
Understanding how ibuprofen works
Ibuprofen helps lower fever. It also helps in relieving minor pain:
- Menstrual cramps
- Muscle aches
Ibuprofen belongs to a group of drugs known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). These drugs temporarily reduce the number of prostaglandins made by your body.
Your body releases prostaglandins when an injury occurs. Substances such as these hormones contribute to inflammation, with increased sensitivity to inflammation, fever, and pain.
What are the bad side effects of ibuprofen?
Ibuprofen is so widely used that it can be easy to forget that this drug may have side effects. Nevertheless, ibuprofen is a drug, and it comes with risks just like any other drug.
The more common side effects of ibuprofen are:
- Stomach pain
- Stomach irritation
Not everyone has these side effects. When they occur, the effects are usually mild. Many people can prevent these side effects by taking ibuprofen with milk or food.
What are the bad side effects of ibuprofen? – Severity
Serious side effects can also occur. Most of these risks are uncommon and can usually be avoided by taking ibuprofen as recommended.
However, taking too much ibuprofen or taking it for long may make these serious side effects more likely.
Heart attack and stroke
For most people, the risk of heart attack and stroke are rare. However, your risks increase if you use ibuprofen too much or for too long. if you:
- There are other risk factors for heart attack or stroke
- Clotting disorder is
- Take other medicines that affect your blood clots
It is not recommended to take ibuprofen if you have any risk factors or take other drugs. You must consult your doctor first.
Decreased renal function and increased blood pressure
Prostaglandins help to keep the pressure in your kidneys at the right level to filter out the fluids in your body and maintain your blood pressure.
Ibuprofen alters the production of prostaglandins in your body. This change can cause an imbalance in your body’s fluid pressure, which can decrease your kidney function and raise your blood pressure.
Symptoms of reduced renal function include:
- Increase in blood pressure
- Manufacture of liquids
- Frequent urination
- Are an older adult
- Have kidney disease
- take blood pressure medications
Stomach and bowel ulcers and bleeding
Prostaglandins also help to maintain a constant repair of your stomach lining, which protects you from stomach acid damage.
Because ibuprofen reduces how much prostaglandin you make, stomach damage such as bleeding and stomach and intestinal ulcers is a potential side effect.
This side effect is quite rare. However, the risk increases when you use ibuprofen. Other factors that increase your risk include:
- If you ever had ulcers or bleeding in your stomach or intestines
- Older age
- Use of oral steroids or blood thinners are known as anticoagulants
- Alcohol use, especially more than three alcoholic beverages per day
If you have severe abdominal pain or you see a bloody or teary stool, you may have ulcer symptoms. Contact your doctor immediately and stop taking ibuprofen. Now let’s see what are the bad side effects of ibuprofen as allergic reactions?
Some people have an allergic reaction to ibuprofen, but this is also rare.
Do not take ibuprofen if you are allergic to aspirin. If you have trouble breathing or your face or throat becomes swollen, contact your doctor immediately and stop taking ibuprofen.
There is a very rare risk of liver failure after taking ibuprofen. In case you have any liver disease, consult your doctor before taking ibuprofen. Stop taking ibuprofen and contact your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following symptoms:
- Lack of power
- Yellowing of your skin or whitening of your eyes
- Pain in the upper right area of your abdomen
- Flu-like symptoms
These can be signs of liver damage or liver failure.
Consult a doctor
Ibuprofen can be a safe and easy over-the-counter remedy (OTC) for minor aches and pains. However, ibuprofen can be potentially harmful if you do not use it as recommended.
It is always smart to talk to your doctor before taking ibuprofen if you are not sure that you should use it. If you experience irritating side effects or believe that you have taken too much, contact your doctor immediately.
Now that you know “what are the bad side effects of ibuprofen” of taking the drug when you should not take too much, or for too long. You can reduce your risk of side effects by using the smallest possible dose for the shortest possible time.