what are the 4 main objectives of the health and safety at work act

What are the 4 main objectives of the health and safety at work act?

Health and safety in the Work Act is something that all employers should be aware of.

It can be a long piece of legislation to get your head around, but it is important to work for your understanding of its contents and how they apply to their organization, as health and safety fines and reputational damage exposure You may fail to follow in.

Indeed, although it was drafted 40 years ago, the Work Act 1974 (HSWA) on health and workplace etc. is still relevant in today’s working world.

All 121 pages of the Act can be viewed here. However, if you do not have the time to read the document in its entirety (and face it, many employers will not), this guide provides health and safety at work, including an overview of its provisions and To whom do they apply.

History of Health and Safety at Work Act Summary

what are the 4 main objectives of the health and safety at work act?

The Health and Safety at Work Act etc. (HSWA) has been part of the UK legal system since 1974. It was developed specifically in response to the dangerous employment conditions that existed in factories and mines at the time.

Before the introduction of the Health and Safety in Work Act, the UK had no comprehensive legislation that dealt with workplace health and safety. Instead, there were plenty of disconnected and unsaturated pieces of sector-specific legislation, with separate laws for factories, offices, shops, mines, construction and railways. These rules were set and did not cover technological development or provide legal protection for the public.

A series of tragic events

Several incidents exposed the dangers of the lack of basic health and safety protection for workers.

In 1968, James Watt Street fire in Glasgow killed 22 factory workers. The building was previously used as a whiskey bond and high-security measures were put in place, including forbidden windows. This compromised the escape of those inside the building after the fire. Poor construction standards and premises being modified from their original intent resulted in an equally tragic fire in the 30 years following World War II.

In 1974, the year the act was introduced, 28 people were killed and 36 were seriously injured in a fire at a chemical plant close to the village of Flixborough. At the time, no UK law covered a chemical plant, or even an office, putting workers and members of the public at risk.

All this changed with the introduction of Health and Safety at Work Act.

In response to the inadequacy of the UK’s health and safety legislation and the fact that the Planned Person (Health and Safety) bill introduced in 1970 did not go far enough, a Health and Safety Committee was set up, chaired by Lord Alfred Robens. Lord Robbens was tasked to enact a piece of health and safety legislation:

  • Easy to follow
  • Should be implemented adequately regardless of the size or risk of an organization.

The Act was quickly developed and implemented. For the first time, the UK implemented comprehensive health and safety legislation:

  • Employment generally; And
  • Members of the public affected by work activities.
  • what are the 4 main objectives of the health and safety at work act

Health and Safety at Work Act and employers

For employers, the Work Act should be made aware of the four main sections of health and safety.

Below is a summary of the Health and Safety Work Act duties for their employees and others who may be affected by their activities.

These duties apply in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

General Duties

Part 1 of the Health and Safety at Work Act regulates workplace health, safety and welfare. Its purpose is to protect people from the risk of injury or ill-health:

  • Ensuring health, safety and welfare of employees at work;
  • To protect non-employees from health and safety risks arising from work activities; And
  • Control the possession and use of explosives or highly flammable or dangerous substances.

The Health and Safety in Work Act 1974 (with some exceptions) applies to everyone “at work”.

Part 1 defines the general duties of:

  • Employer;
  • Employees;
  • Self-employed people;
  • Non-domestic premises controlled; And
  • Manufacturer and supplier of articles and materials.

Other Provisions

  • Employment generally; And
  • Members of the public affected by work activities.
  • what are the 4 main objectives of the health and safety at work act

Health and Safety at Work Act and employers

what are the 4 main objectives of the health and safety at work act?

Keeping in mind the health and safety of employers as well as the Work Act:

  • Provides health and safety regulations and codes of practice to be created; And
  • The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) or local authority allows inspectors to enforce health and safety laws.

Under the Act, inspectors can be given broad investigative powers and can:

  • Serve enforcement notices as prohibition and correction notices; And
  • Prosecute for health and safety offences.

The health and safety law is partially enforced through inspector notices; However, more serious cases can result in criminal prosecution. Professional support from a health and safety advisor can be important in reducing your risk of fines and prosecution. what are the 4 main objectives of the health and safety at work act?

Practical implications

The Work Act places a general duty on employers to ensure health and safety, as far as reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare of all their employees at work.

In practice, employers will have to take several measures in this regard.

Our checklist for employers provides a Health and Safety in Action Act Summary of Responsibilities. Use this to ensure that you are providing a safe and compliant work environment.

As far as practical for the health, safety and welfare of all their employees at work. ‘

Employers must comply with the Act. they must:

  • Providing and maintaining safety equipment and safe system of work
  • Ensure that the material used is stored, controlled, used and transported properly
  • Provide information, training, instruction and supervision – Ensure that employees are aware of the instructions provided by equipment manufacturers and suppliers
  • Provide a safe place of employment
  • Provide a safe work environment
  • Provide a written security policy/risk assessment
  • For example, take care of the health and safety of others
  • Talk to security representatives
  • An employer is prohibited from charging for any measures to provide for his or her employees in health and safety interests (eg, personal protective equipment).

Staff responsibilities

Employees also have specific responsibilities – they should:

  • Take care of your health and safety and other people (employees may be responsible)
  • Cooperate with their employers
  • Do not interfere with anything provided in the interest of health and safety
  • Health and safety law enforcement

Your enforcement officer will be the local authority environmental health officer for your type of business. Health and safety executive inspections for manufacturing or large construction or industrial sites.

The powers of an inspector include:

  • Right of entry at the appropriate time (without appointments)
  • Right to investigate and investigate
  • Right to dismantle equipment and take material or equipment
  • Right to view and take copies of documents
  • Right to help (from colleagues or police)
  • Right to ask questions under caution
  • Right to seize articles or substances in cases of imminent danger
  • enforcement action

1. Legal notice – A written document requires a person to stop/do something.

  • Correction: says what is wrong and how to keep it right within a set time.
  • Prohibition: Prohibits the use of equipment / unsafe practices immediately.

2. Prosecution – Both employers and employees face prosecution.

  • Unlimited fine
  • Imprisonment for more than 2 years in Crown Court
  • Enforcement officers will advise you and tell you anything you are not sure about.