A sinus infection gives you so many problems but an untreated bacterial sinus infection can last for months. And in some rare cases, serious problems can develop.
What is Sinus?
Sinus infection, sometimes called sinusitis, occurs when the tissues that fill your sinuses become swollen or infected. They are usually airborne, but when they are blocked and flooded, the infection can occur.
Sinus infections are caused by viruses or bacterias, and in some exceptional cases, is a fungus. These infections do not cause directly by allergies, cold and other basic problems like such as a deviated septum, they create blockages to make the right environment for the bacteria or germs so that they can grow and cause infections.
What are the various kinds of sinus infections?
Sinus infections are generally caused by bacteria, and this infection will usually recover on its own if it cared for well. If the sinus does not heal in a week or within 10 days, then this is the sign that it must be caused by the bacteria. Initially, it may be started as a viral or bacterial infection but once it filled with fluid and bacteria, it may convert into a bacterial infection.
If you have sinus infections that seem to be only coming back soon, you may have a bacterial infection. If you have a dark, thick or greenish-yellow post-nasal drip then this indicates the sinus but your doctor can tell you the type of infection, after performing some tests.
Sinus infections can also be classified as serious or chronic. Usually, severe infections start suddenly with symptoms like blocked or runny nose and it can last up to four weeks. If you do not make any effort to cure this infection and it lasts for at least 12 weeks then it becomes chronic sinusitis.
A sinus infection can cause several symptoms, which are given below in a very short term:
- Post-nasal drip
- Facial pain
- Bad breath
- Reduced sense of smell or taste
Extras – A minor case of acute sinusitis can be treated at home with over-the-counter medicines and natural remedies such as nasal irrigation, decongestants, inhalation of smoke, rest and plenty of fluids. Sinus infections lasting weeks or months may require intensive treatment. Antibiotics and antidepressant drugs can restore the normal function of the sinus. Surgery can be an option in cases of recurrent sinusitis or chronic sinus infection.
Most sinus infections will be resolved in a week or two. However, there are very few cases where due to sinus severe and life-threatening problems arise. Knowing what signs and symptoms of these problems can keep the problem from becoming a disaster.
Sinus walls are thin so they share the border with their surrounding like the brain, eyes, and other blood vessels and nerves. Sinus infections can sometimes spread beyond the border of the sinus.
Read below about the rare possible side effects of untreated bacterial sinus infection.
Untreated Bacterial Sinus Infection
What happens if a sinus infection is left untreated or infected by a bacterial sinus infection?
A sinus infection that lasts for weeks without treatment can make you miserable and may even become chronic sinusitis. If your infection is allowed to last longer, there may be some potential complications. These types of problems are rare, but they do occur.
Sinus infections can spread to the eyes, causing redness, swelling, and blurred vision. In extreme cases, it can also lead to blindness.
When the infection spreads to the eyes, it is usually treated with IV antibiotics. Also, a CT scan may be needed to see if the fluid should be removed.
This is very rare that sinus infection spread to the brain cells. It can lead to a brain tumour or meningitis, both of which can be life-threatening.
Infection that lasts a long time is worse or worse only comes back soon and needs medical attention. An antibiotic may be all that is needed, but in some cases, another drug may be needed.
More – As long as you are not experiencing any major pain or discomfort, we suggest that patients wait about a week before seeing a specialist about their symptoms. If you have severe sinusitis or fever, your symptoms will start to subside during this time. But if you still feel sick after a week of rest and fluids, you should reach out to a trained professional.
If left untreated bacterial sinus infection can have serious consequences for your health. Antibiotics not only reduce your symptoms but also help prevent long-term problems with your ears, eyes, and nose.
Types of Untreated Bacterial Sinus Infections
Infectious sinus is especially dangerous because of the proximity of the eyes and the brain. Sinus infections can spread to the bloodstream or the nervous system. Children are at greater risk of contracting sinusitis because their facial bones are still growing and opening between the sinuses and the bases of the eyes have not yet been closed.
A sinus infection that spreads to the penis results in an increase in swollen tissue around the eyes. As a result, the eyes may appear swollen or swollen. In some cases, inflammation can occur behind the eyes, pushing the eyes forward to the socket and preventing the eyelids from closing.
The eye socket is a very small, enclosed area, which means that inflammation can create additional pressure that can lead to permanent eye damage. The infection can spread and cause meningitis and even death. If you have severe eye pain or loss of vision you should seek medical help immediately.
In rare cases, an untreated bacterial sinus infection can spread to the brain or to the tissues around the brain. If the infection spreads to the brain tissue, you are at risk of fainting, brain damage or even death. Bacterial meningitis and even an abscess can lead to hearing loss, stroke, permanent brain injury, and even death.
If you show signs of meningitis (headache, fever, nausea and stiff neck) or if you suddenly change your mood or lose part of your body you should seek medical help immediately.
Osteomyelitis (Bone Infection)
Both chronic and chronic pain and chronic infection can spread to the bone around the sinuses. These infections can enter the bloodstream and send bacteria to the brain or other parts of the body. Infected bone is very difficult to treat. Treatment is usually long-term antiretroviral therapy.
Chronic untreated infections can change the normal functioning of your nose over time. The mucocele is a collection of mucus in the sinuses that gradually increases over time. Pressure from the mucocele can flood or rearrange the surrounding bone and meet the bone with a surrounding structure such as the eye and brain. The mucoceles that show symptoms need water for surgery.
Those suffering from asthma may also be affected by untreated sinus infections. Studies show that infection can not only spread, but it can also spread asthma. Because sinus infection affects a person’s ability to breathe normally, any existing respiratory conditions, such as asthma, are also affected.